South Korea’s POSCO, Samsung SDI agree to build cathode plant in Chile by 2021

SEOUL (Reuters) – A consortium led by South Korea’s POSCO and Samsung SDI will build a cathode plant in Chile by 2021 for the country’s lithium batteries project, POSCO said in a statement on Sunday.
POSCO said the steel maker and battery maker Samsung SDI will jointly invest 57.5 billion won ($54.02 million) for the plant to be constructed in Mejillones, a Chilean port city.
The plant will produce 3,200 tonnes of cathode a year starting the second half of 2021, which will be used to make lithium batteries for electric vehicles.
Beating 12 other companies, the joint consortium also includes China’s Sichuan Fulin Industrial Group and Chile’s Molyment.
The cathode market is growing fast due to increasing global demand for lithium ion batteries that are used for electric vehicles. By 2021, the cathode market is expected to expand four times to 860,000 tonnes by 2020 from 210,000 tonnes in 2016.
POSCO said on Feb. 27 that it had agreed to buy up to 240,000 tonnes of lithium concentrate per year from Australian miner Pilbara Minerals to secure a stable source of raw materials to manufacture electric vehicle batteries.


The German economy is extremely innovative

Dr. Benno Bunse
Friday, September 30th, 2016

Special Editions
El Mercurio

The general director of the Germany Trade & Invest (GTAI) will be one of the main guests of the 7th Chile-Germany Economic Conference 2016, organized by CAMCHAL, the Chilean-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry, where it will analyze the impact of the High-Tech-Strategy and 4.0 Industry.

Despite all the political and economic challenges Europe faces today, Germany remains the “engine” of its economy. What is the basis of this strength of the German economy?
“It is the combination of several factors, which defines the success of the German economy, as it unlike many other countries, maintains its strong industrial structure.
Another stamp of the German country, are its medium sized companies with a strong international vocation, which implies a very diversified economy and a presence in practically the whole world. It also allows us to have thousands of ‘champions’ on which we base the economic success of our country, which better shields us against the swings of other markets. Added to this is a highly developed infrastructure and a virtually unique system of universities and research centres.
The German economy is extremely innovative. In fact, we lead by far the registration of new patents in Europe, maintaining for years the number 1 place.
And let us not forget our highly skilled workers, who ultimately determine the competitiveness of Germany as a place of production.
The trade unions also have an important role, they fight for workers’ rights and for higher wages, but do not see themselves as the enemy of the companies, but rather as an important partner, whose main interest is that the economy works and the situation improves. ”

Chile suffers strongly from the ups and downs of commodity prices. In its history, Germany has also been a mining country and had to face major crises. How did you as a country manage to transform and take the road to an “economy of knowledge “?
“The entire German economy has been transformed many times, not just its heavy industry. For decades, have German companies been ‘global players’ facing international competition, which requires constant reinvention and it requires that the products we produce are better than those of the competition, based on our high quality seal and our ability to innovate.
When an item is no longer competitive, it has to find a way to renew itself in order to survive or it will not have a future. Therefore is the collaboration between politics, business and trade unions infinitely important.
Looking to the future, the ’4.0 Industry ‘ implies that we are living a new industrial revolution. Everything will change, the production processes, the workplaces. We see it as a great opportunity and Germany will be a leader in this development”.

What is the success of the High-Tech-Strategy based on? Is it a strategy applicable to other countries such as Chile?
“The secret of the success of this strategy lies in the close collaboration between State, science and economics. We have to ensure the right framework conditions for science and the economy as a whole in order to be projected into the future.
The progress made by Industry 4.0 can be used in all areas where modern and high-value products and services are offered. However, the implementation of Industry 4.0 will require the use of high-tech machinery and the existence of extraordinarily well-educated and well-educated human capital, regardless of where in the world they want to set up these industries. ”

Germany attracts investors from all over the world. What are the advantages offered by the German market? What are the international companies that invest in Germany looking for?
“Any company is naturally looking to generate profits by absorbing technology and know-how, which are the objectives of the companies that invest in Germany.
In addition, from Germany you can enter both our national market and the European market, which today is the largest internal market in the world.
If we look at Germany, we can also highlight its excellent scientific system, the academic world and the training of technical professionals, the State of law and social security.
Productivity is high, production costs are currently at an intermediate level within Europe. The infrastructure is modern and will receive massive investments in the future.
To this is the protection of intellectual property and equal treatment for German companies and international companies added.
And let us not forget such important aspects as, for example, a good free school system, and an excellent health system. Being able to live in a modern country and open to the world is a value in itself. In short, there are many elements that favour Germany as a place of investment”.


How is Chile perceived from Germany?
“When one looks at Chile from Germany, one perceives reliability, a healthy and low-debt economy, a functioning democracy that offers certainty.
It also has a long ‘German tradition’. A reflection of this is the trajectory of the Chilean-German Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which proudly celebrates this 2016 with 100 years. This close link is already a good reason for the interest of German companies and investors in Chile.
If we add to this, the weight of industries such as mining that require modern machinery and industrial facilities, where German companies have much to contribute. Chile’s strong commitment to renewable energy also offers opportunities to Germany thanks to its strong expertise in this segment. As you can see, Chile and Germany complement each other perfectly in economic terms. ”

Chile is one of the best countries in the world to do business

According to the prestigious Forbes magazine, Chile is ranked 30 in the worldwide “Best Countries for Business” ranking, and first among Latin American countries.

Marked by its high foreign trade level and good reputation in terms of its strong financial institutions and policies, Chile took 1st place in the 2015 Latin America ranking of the best countries for doing business, according to Forbes.

Chile’s economic and investment conditions have been crucial in the making of the best evaluated economy in the continent according to the study that highlights the best countries to do business in. In global terms, our country was positioned in place 30, followed by Uruguay (51), Costa Rica (52), Mexico (53) and Peru (55).

The American publication evaluated 144 countries in the categories of property rights, innovation, taxes, technology, corruption, freedom (personal and monetary), bureaucracy, investment protection and stock market. Meanwhile, the data was obtained from institutions related to each factor to be considered, including the Heritage Foundation, Freedom House, World Economic Forum, the World Bank and International Transparency, among other organizations.

Leading the ranking for the second time in a row is Denmark, a country that has won the first place on 6 occasions in the last ten years. Europe tops the list with seven countries within the “top ten”, while the United States drops for the sixth consecutive time from 18th to 22nd. The fall of the American giant is due to its low indicators in terms of monetary freedom and bureaucracy.

Other highlighted countries in the list were New Zealand (2nd), Norway (3rd), Ireland (4th) and Sweden (5th), while some of the developed countries under Chile were Spain (32nd), South Korea (33), Malaysia (34) and Italy (35th).

Sehr gute Aussichten für deutsche Unternehmen auf dem chilenischen Markt

Die Exportwirtschaft ist eines der wichtigsten Standbeine der deutschen Wirtschaft und wird auch weiterhin die wirtschaftliche Entwicklung des Landes mitentscheiden. Die globale Vernetzung erfordert eine neue Orientierung auf dem Weltmarkt. Die vom Bundesverband der Deutschen Industrie in Auftrag gegebene Prognos-Studie 2012 hat in diesem Zusammenhang die Attraktivität ausländischer Märkte für deutsche Unternehmen analysiert und ist zu dem Ergebnis gekommen, dass Chile eines der interessantesten und vielversprechendes Länder ist.

Chile gilt schon “seit längerem als das role model für eine erfolgreiche wirtschaftliche Entwicklung”, heißt es in der Studie. Dies liegt an dem “vergleichsweise sehr hohen Pro-Kopf-Einkommen, an guten institutionellen Rahmenbedingungen, sowie sehr guten Platzierungen in internationalen Rankings wie dem Global Competitiveness Report des Weltwirtschaftsforums oder dem Ease of Doing Business Index der Weltbank”.

Besonders der Kraftfahrzeugbau, die Elektroindustrie und der Maschinen- und Anlagenbau überzeugen sowohl durch eine hohe absolute Marktgröße als auch hohe jährliche Steigerungsraten. Die zahlungskräftigsten Unternehmenskunden kommen aus dem Bergbau und dem Bauwesen. Chiles Rohstoffwirtschaft investiert vor allem in Bau- und Bergbaumaschinen, Pumpen, Kompressoren und Förderzeuge. Die Baubranche benötigt Spezialmaschinen fu?r die Errichtung von Verkehrswegen, Bürogebäuden, Industrieanlagen, Handelszentren sowie den Ausbau von Häfen. Darüber hinaus sorgt der Ausbau der Energieinfrastruktur fu?r eine steigende Nachfrage nach elektrotechnischen Anlagen. (Ergebnisse der Prognos-Studie 2012)

Die Studie finden Sie hier.

Früherkennung von Waldbränden in Chile: KALMER auf Delegationsreise mit IQ Wireless

Ende Juli begleitete Kalmer das deutsche Unternehmen IQ Wireless GmbH auf einer 10tägigen Geschäftsreise nach Chile. IQ Wireless hat das auf Sensoren basierende System FireWatch zur Früherkennung von Waldbränden entwickelt. FireWatch ist bereits weltweit im Einsatz u.a. auch in Australien und in den USA.

Ziel der Reise war es, die zum Teil in Deutschland bereits aufgenommenen Gespräche mit den privaten chilenischen Forstwirtschaftsgesellschaften fortzusetzen und das zu überwachende Terrain zu besichtigen. Auf dieser Grundlage sollte der mögliche Einsatz der FireWatch Technologie bewertet werden.

Wichtig war diese Evaluierung bereits während des chilenischen Winters (Juni – September) durchzuführen, um noch vor Beginn des Sommers und der steigenden Waldbrandgefahr, Maßnahmen ergreifen zu können. Hier bedeutet jede Sekunde die ein Waldbrand früher entdeckt werden kann, die schnellere Mobilisierung von Brandbekämpfung und so die Rettung wertvollen Waldbestands.

Kalmer unterstützte und moderierte mit seiner Expertise die Gespräche mit Forestal Mininco und Arauco sowie mit der staatlichen CONAF.